The article introduces a decomposition of trade flows that allows to measure expenditure-growth effects (changes in domestic and foreign final demand) and expenditure-switching effects (changes in the allocation of demand across domestic and foreign producers). The decomposition is applied to 11 euro members 1990-2013. Most countries, including Germany, recorded unfavorable expenditure-switching effects (demand shifted from domestic to foreign producers); expenditure switching was most unfavorable in Finland, France, and Italy. There is no correlation between unit labor cost growth and expenditure switching.

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